what countries have a command economy

What Countries Have a Command Economy?

Command economies can be described as centralized planning. Imagine having to manage ten large companies. It would be a logistical nightmare. To make this easier, the government decides on how resources will be allocated. It then directs labor where it sees fit. The result is that there are fewer problems with planning and administration.

North Korea

A command economy in North Korea is a state-controlled economy with the state as the ultimate decision maker. The country’s economy is heavily influenced by the military and has experienced extreme economic hardship, including prolonged malnutrition and abject poverty. Its monetary system is tightly controlled and price distortions are severe. While China continues to subsidise the country, multilateral economic sanctions have hampered investment and trade flows in the country. Although the country has encouraged limited foreign direct investment, its military influence makes meaningful reforms unlikely in the near future.

As a Christian missionary from Tucson, Robert Park is working to bring U.S. dollars to North Korea. He believes that a steady influx of cash can undermine Pyongyang’s hold on power. To do so, Park hopes to raise millions of dollars from churches in the United States, South Korea, and other countries. He has already raised over $30,000 to date for this cause.

Kim Il Sung’s recent Party Congress stressed the need to unify state control and management, and his governing body, the Korean People’s Army (KPA), has carved out sectors of the country’s economy. With a strong government, people are put first. As a result, there is little competition.

The government is trying to control the economy in Pyongyang through systemic reform. However, the shadow economy still exists, providing goods and services to a large population. The authorities believe that the shadow economy must be eradicated through systemic reforms. However, the shadow economy is not unique to the DPRK; it can be found in many parts of the developing world, and even in some developed nations.

The worst economic crisis in North Korea’s history was brought about by natural disasters. It also resulted from bad governance and the high cost of defense. North Korea’s defense budget amounted to nearly 25% of the economy, making it difficult to meet the country’s needs. In addition, the command economy is a highly protected system that restricts the growth of a nation’s economy.

Although the North Korean economy was once strong, the 1990s saw a severe recession. The disintegration of the Soviet Union and a series of natural disasters had severe consequences for North Korea’s economy. Its average annual growth rate dropped to -4.1 percent. In the mid-1990s, it was forced to seek aid from international donors and continues to do so today.


In a command economy, the government determines what happens to a country’s economy and the policies it pursues. In China, the government has the power to determine what is produced and how much is invested. This is in contrast to Australia, which has a mixed market economy with some government involvement, but is largely dictated by the private sector. A number of important differences exist between a command economy and a mixed market economy, including the distribution of employment. In China, the proportion of workers in primary, secondary, and tertiary jobs is much greater than in Australia, where only 36.7% of the population is employed in these sectors. In addition, China’s economy is characterized by a much more equal distribution of income. The Gini coefficient measures the amount of income distributed between workers in different sectors of the economy.

After Den Xiaoping came to power in 1978, economic reforms began. They primarily focused on improving the agricultural production system. In particular, the central government started giving farmers price and ownership incentives. As a result, farmers were able to sell a portion of their crops on the market for the first time. The government also promoted the creation of special economic zones to attract foreign investment.

The government has spent several years improving the domestic circulation of goods on the national commodity market. However, one sticking point has been the continued limitations on the allocation of production factors on the local level. Many of these limitations date back to the planned economy era. Additionally, market segmentation has been caused by local protectionism. Smaller, more efficient firms are often favored over multinational corporations. Moreover, labor flow is highly constrained to large cities.

While the economy of China is stable, it is not free of risks. If the economy collapses, tens of millions of people will probably take to the streets. The protesters will be angry at the Chinese Communist Party for mismanagement of the economy and the lack of freedom of speech. Xi Jinping’s lifetime rule would almost certainly come to an end.


Command economies are a type of economy where the government has complete control over the economy. This control typically extends to regulating the prices of goods and directing the use of the country’s critical resources. While command economies have different components, they generally share the same elements. For example, the government may set specific targets for production and allocate specific resources to different industries. In addition, it may determine that a nation should focus on extracting natural resources instead of manufacturing.

In a command economy, there is no competition between companies. All production and pricing decisions are made by the government, which eliminates the opportunity for consumer-driven competition. This system also results in a poor economic outcome, as the consumer is not allowed a say in what goods they purchase or pay for. In contrast, in a free market economy, demand is the main driver of production and price decisions.

The government controls nearly every type of business in a command economy. In this type of economy, businesses are owned by the government, which makes economic decisions for the benefit of the entire society. Because all resources are owned by the government, it can direct resources to the most productive output and even direct people to certain occupations. The government has historically been associated with communism.

Governments have monopolized almost every industry, including banking, manufacturing, transportation, and utilities. As a result, a command economy struggles to meet the needs of consumers and the demands of international markets. Additionally, a command economy discourages innovation by rewarding business leaders who follow government directives.

The USSR is also an example of a command economy. It has not opened its economy to the outside world and has not allowed free trade. Moreover, a large part of the economy is owned by the government, which often results in political crisis and distress. However, it has avoided full communism to some extent.

The Soviet Union was a command economy until the late 1980s. Other examples of command economies today include Cuba and North Korea. With the fall of communism, the number of command economies around the world has drastically decreased.

Leave a Comment

error: Content is protected !!