Types of Communicable Diseases
There are many types of communicable diseases. Some of these require immediate reporting. In New York State, physicians have a primary responsibility to report these diseases to public health authorities. Other types of health care professionals, such as daycare center directors, laboratory directors, school nurses, and health care facilities, are also required to report certain diseases. The list of communicable diseases can be found under the Communicable Disease Reporting Requirements section of the state’s sanitary code.
What are 10 communicable diseases?
These infectious diseases are spread from person to person by microbes, such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and protozoa. Most children will contract at least one of these diseases in their lifetime. Some of the most common childhood illnesses include colds and sore throats, chickenpox, and the flu. Other illnesses caused by viruses include gastroenteritis and stomach flu.
These illnesses can be passed from person to person through bodily fluids and contact with contaminated surfaces, air, food, and water. Some of these diseases can even be spread by mosquito bites.
What are the top 5 communicable diseases?
Communicable diseases are a major health burden and a leading cause of death and disability around the world. These illnesses are also linked to a range of other conditions, such as housing conditions and the impacts of climate change. In 2017, these diseases caused about 7% of all deaths and disability in the Americas. These diseases are especially devastating to resource-constrained communities. Fortunately, there are many measures that governments can take to reduce their prevalence.
Infectious diseases can be transmitted through contact with blood or bodily fluids. This is why reporting communicable diseases is critical. It helps prevent disease, facilitate appropriate medical treatment, and detect common-source outbreaks. In California, healthcare providers are required to report over 80 different communicable diseases. These include salmonella, E. coli, and the hepatitis viruses.
What is communicable disease and its example?
A communicable disease is an infection that can be spread from one person to another. It can be caused by various pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses. They can spread through the air, contact with bodily fluids, infected surfaces, and contaminated objects. A communicable disease has many different symptoms and can even be life threatening.
The spread of a disease occurs through several means, including direct physical contact and the air after a cough or sneeze. You can even contract a disease by sharing a straw with someone who has athlete’s foot or mono. Another way to spread a disease is by having sexual intercourse.
What are the 4 main types of communicable diseases
Various communicable diseases are spread from one person to another through direct or indirect contact with contaminated bodily fluids or surfaces. They can also be transmitted through insects or contaminated foods and water. Frequent handwashing and proper hygiene can help reduce the spread of disease.
Infectious diseases are spread by organisms like bacteria or viruses. They can infect humans or animals. Symptoms vary for each disease. Each type requires different treatment. Vaccination can help prevent many of these diseases. Infectious diseases can be caused by a variety of factors including genetics, anatomical differences, and environment.
The Pan American Health Organization has outlined four key priorities for disease prevention and treatment. These priorities include vaccine coverage expansion, access to treatment, and the end of communicable disease epidemics. These diseases disproportionately affect low and middle-income communities, and their prevalence can be reduced or eliminated with the appropriate health interventions.
What are the 20 non communicable diseases?
Known as noncommunicable diseases, these diseases are not passed from person to person. They are not contagious, but they can affect a person’s quality of life. Noncommunicable diseases can also be hereditary, meaning that you can be genetically predisposed to them. However, millions of people manage to lead healthy lives despite having one of these diseases. The important thing is to take proactive steps to stay healthy and prevent these diseases.
Noncommunicable diseases can be fatal, and nearly 80% of them occur in low and middle-income countries. They affect people of all ages, and are the leading cause of death in adults worldwide. Most noncommunicable diseases have several risk factors. Some of them are tobacco use, poor diet, insufficient physical activity, and harmful alcohol use.